By Stephen V. Estopinal(auth.)

The nonsurveyor's definitive land survey sourcebook—now commonly up to date

during the last a number of many years, the web has allowed people with a non-technical heritage to imagine extra keep watch over of land surveys. yet with no transparent realizing of ways to adequately use land survey info, and confronted with the demanding situations of speaking particular necessities to a pro land surveyor, conflicts usually come up that bring about litigation.

A consultant to figuring out Land Surveys bridges the ever-expanding verbal exchange hole among the clients of land boundary details land surveyors.

This essential consultant truly explains the features and tactics required in each survey (routine or otherwise), and the function of a surveyor of their research and re-establishment. it's a must-have source for name legal professionals, paralegals, realtors, govt brokers, and others who depend on the data accrued and provided through land surveys.

Written in nontechnical language and supported by way of a number of line drawings, A consultant to figuring out Land Surveys not just is helping readers achieve a powerful familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, yet allows them to safely evaluation it, realize any inadequacies, and make the right kind alterations to procure approval.

The 3rd variation of A consultant to knowing Land Surveys has been elevated with thirty percentage new fabric and is absolutely up to date to mirror the newest perform instructions and know-how, together with using GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment. additionally incorporated is necessary new fabric on how know-how might be interpreted in assessing the standard and accuracy of a land survey.Content:
Chapter 1 function of the ebook (pages 1–6):
Chapter 2 genuine estate on a around Planet (pages 7–18):
Chapter three Geometry (pages 19–32):
Chapter four Defining North (pages 33–42):
Chapter five Projection platforms (pages 43–54):
Chapter 6 basics of Measurements (pages 55–88):
Chapter 7 Land list platforms (pages 89–122):
Chapter eight the worldwide Positioning method (GPS) (pages 123–130):
Chapter nine The Geographic details approach (GIS) Revolution (pages 131–134):
Chapter 10 Boundary restoration (pages 135–146):
Chapter eleven comparing Survey Plats (pages 147–172):
Chapter 12 routines in comparing Survey Plats (pages 173–202):
Chapter thirteen Writing criminal Descriptions (pages 203–218):
Chapter 14 workouts in Writing Deed Descriptions (pages 219–226):
Chapter 15 Ethics behavior (pages 227–230):

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Additional info for A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys, Third Edition

Example text

No adjustments are made to compensate for differences between distances between points on this level surface and distances between the same points on the flat plane of the projection. In short, the tangent plane projection system accounts for the curvature of the earth by ignoring it. Indeed, so little attention is given to the shape of the earth in performing tangent plane projection surveys that many people, even Land Surveyors, forget that every map or plat derived from measured angles and distances is the projection of a curved surface onto a flat plane.

8. BEARINGS 41 2. The bearing of straight lines (except for north–south lines and the equator) vary throughout the line. Because none of the north–south lines are parallel, then a straight line that crosses several north–south lines must do so at a different angle for each north–south line. A simple examination of a globe is all that is needed to confirm that north–south lines (lines of longitude) are not parallel (they meet at the poles). East–west lines (lines of latitude), however, are parallel but, except for the equator, none are straight land lines.

True north is widely claimed but almost never used as this control meridian. The most common form of directional control in boundary surveys of this type is an assumed north created by the recovery of a reported bearing. A “reported bearing” simply indicates that two or more marks set by a previous Land Surveyor were found and that the direction between these marks reported by the previous Land Surveyor was used as the directional control for the present work. Sometimes the control direction may be entirely “assumed”; that is, the Land Surveyor did not use a known or recoverable direction as a control.

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