By Emanuele Capobianco, Veni Naidu
This research stories relief flows to the health and wellbeing quarter in Somalia over the interval 2000-2006. In shut collaboration with the well-being quarter Committee of the Coordination of overseas aid to Somalis the authors amassed quantitative and qualitative information from twenty-six overseas corporations working in Somalia, together with bilateral and multilateral donors. The paper reaches 3 major conclusions. First, relief financing to the future health region in Somalia has been consistently transforming into, attaining US$ 7-10 consistent with capita in 2006. even supposing this can be a significant volume in comparison to different fragile states, it could actually nonetheless be inadequate to deal with the inhabitants s wishes and to fulfill the excessive operational expenses to paintings in Somalia. Secondly, contributions to the overall healthiness area may possibly and may be extra strategic. the focal point on a few vertical courses (e.g. HIV/AIDS and malaria) turns out to have diverted consciousness clear of different very important courses (e.g. immunization and reproductive well-being) and from easy wellbeing and fitness method wishes (infrastructure, human assets, etc.). The 3rd end is that extra analytical paintings on well-being financing is required to force coverage judgements in Somalia. equally to different fragile states, caliber details on future health quarter financing is scanty, hence affecting the coverage making approach negatively.
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Additional resources for A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia (World Bank Working Papers) (World Bank Working Papers; Africa Human Development)
Aid financing to the health sector, especially from 2004 onwards, favored vertical programs: Polio, TB, HIV, and Malaria accounted for 50 percent of total aid in 2006. ■ The polio program is the number one priority in the Somalia health sector. 1 million/year. The above figures show the political commitment of the donor community but also raise questions about the opportunity costs of the eradication campaign. The polio program achieved zero polio cases in 2003 and 2004. However, faced with a major outbreak in 2005, it mobilized additional financial resources to double the immunization campaigns and strengthen the surveillance system.
The study is the first exercise of this kind conducted in Somalia. It utilized a resource tool that can be adopted by partners for future data collection on aid tracking for Somalia. The study provides important baseline data, raises levels of awareness and generates questions about past and future aid financing to the health sector. Finally, it highlights gaps in knowledge that may be filled by future studies. CHAPTER 4 Key Findings Financial Aid Flows In Somalia aid to the health sector flows through an intricate network, characterized by three groups of financiers and many intermediaries (see Figure 10).
This means that funds disbursed in one fiscal year by donors are Table 5. Percentage Difference Between Data Collected from Donors and Recipient/Implementing Agencies Donor Disbursements Expenditure by recipient/ implementing agencies % Difference 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 100% 86% 100% 91% 100% 76% 100% 94% 100% 74% 100% 86% 100% 84% 14 9 24 6 26 14 16 18 World Bank Working Paper Figure 9. ) Year 3 Time Lag often utilized in other fiscal years by the recipient/implementing agency. The analysis of the data revealed that in 2002 differences were found in two donor organizations providing larger than usual funding which were used in the following years.