By L. Magnani

This booklet ties jointly the troubles of philosophers of technology and AI researchers, displaying for instance the connections among medical considering and health worker platforms. It lays out an invaluable basic framework for dialogue of numerous different types of abduction. It develops vital rules approximately features of abductive reasoning which have been fairly ignored in cognitive technology, together with using visible and temporal representations and the function of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.

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Extra info for Abduction, Reason and Science - Processes of Discovery and Explanation

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4. MODEL-BASED HEURISTIC AND DEDUCTIVE REASONING In chapter 1 I have illustrated how in ordinary geometrical proofs auxiliary constructions are present in term of "conveniently chosen" figures and diagrams where strategic moves are intertwined with deduction. The system of reasoning exhibits a dual character: deductive and "hypothetical". The story of Meno dialogue illustrated the role of these strategical moves and their importance in hypothesis generation. These strategical moves correspond to particular forms of abductive reasoning.

An explanation for ~ relative to background theory T will be any a that, together with T, entails ~ (normally with the additional condition that auT be consistent). Such theories are usually generalized in many directions: first of all by showing that explanations entail their conclusions only in a defeasible way (there are many potential explanations), so joining the whole area of the so-called nonmonotonic logic or of the probabilistic treatments; second, trying to show how some of the explanations are relatively in1plausible, elaborating suitable technical tools (for example in terms of modal logic) able to capture the notion of preference among explanations.

Belief revision. 18 A1iseda (1997, 2000) makes use of the belief revision framework to construct a theory of the epistemic transition between the states of doubt and belief able to account for many aspects of abductive reasoning. On the relationships between belief revision dynamics in data bases and abduction cf. Aravindan and Dung, 1995. Theoretical Abduction 33 After having explained the distinction between predictive explanations and "might" explanations, that merely allow an observation, and do not predict it, Boutilier and Becher show in the cited article how model-based diagnoses can be accounted for in terms of their new formal model of belief revision.

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