By Ho Cheung Shum, Julian Thiele, Shin-Hyun Kim (auth.), Liqiu Wang (eds.)

This new quantity of the yearly overview “Advances in shipping Phenomena” sequence includes 3 in-depth evaluate articles at the microfluidic fabrication of vesicles, the dielectrophoresis field-flow fractionation for continuous-flow separation of debris and cells in microfluidic units, and the thermodynamic research and optimization of warmth exchangers, respectively.

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The effects occur as a result of the interaction between the unevenly distributed induced dipoles in the particle and the applied nonuniform electric field [20]. As shown in Fig. 1a and b, the interaction between the induced net dipole charges and the nonuniform electric field leads to a nonzero columbic net force (FDEP) on the particle [21, 22]. The DEP force can be determined by using the Maxwell stress tensor formulation [23] or the effective dipole moment method [21]. Both methods have been shown to yield an identical DEP force expression.

For applications that require large volume of vesicle suspensions for encapsulation, such as food and beverages, the production rates afforded by microfluidics remain insufficient. Progress has been made in the area of microfluidic scale-up [93] and this will facilitate the use of microfluidic techniques for large-scale vesicle production. In addition, size reduction of vesicles still remains one of challenges; submicronsized vesicles are widely useful for in vivo delivery of drugs and nutrients.

Phys. 116, 5842–5849 (2002) 16. : Self-assembly of amphiphiles into vesicles: a Brownian dynamics simulation. Phys. Rev. E 64, 041913 (2001) 17. : Advances and challenges in smart and functional polymer vesicles. Soft Matter 5, 3544–3561 (2009) 18. : Dynamics of spontaneous vesicle formation in dilute solutions of amphiphilic diblock copolymers. Macromolecules 39, 2654–2662 (2006) 19. : Preparation of monodisperse block copolymer vesicles via a thermotropic cylinder-vesicle transition. Langmuir 25, 1337–1344 (2009) 20.

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