By Ian Sturton (ed.)
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Additional resources for All the World’s Battleships 1906 to Present
While the installation of the filling elements occurs only on the construction site in the case of a post-and-beam structure, larger elements of a component facade can be fully preassembled in a controlled workshop setting. 40 Single-skin and multi-layered skin structures The second essential aspect to consider for a classification is the structural development of the external skin. First and foremost, it is important to differentiate between single-skin and multi-layered structure. Essential functional properties, such as insulation or the adaptability of the building skin to user requirements, are determined by this criterion.
The urgent need to drastically reduce the consumption of energy and resources of built structures – and this applies to all buildings, from the singlefamily house to the exhibition hall – has given rise to new requirements and demands on utilization and construction. Naturally, the integration of solar energy with the building concept, be it for direct or indirect use, also has an impact on the building form, and the relationship between architecture and technology becomes even more significant.
Solar absorbers The simplest form of a collector is the surface-mounted absorber, predominantly made of black rubber or synthetic mats. They are usually installed on flat roofs or roofs with a shallow slope. While solar absorbers are very cost-efficient, they also yield a relatively low degree of energy. They are most frequently used to heat water in open-air public pools, where the radiation supplies and heat requirements tend to overlap. Solar roofs with an open absorber made of high-grade stainless steel are also availa- ble as complete systems; here the solar collector is partially or fully integrated into the roof surface.