Best-selling AMERICAN PUBLIC coverage: AN creation engages scholar curiosity via its distinctive emphasis on particular, sizeable problems with public coverage. this article attracts scholars into American public rules by means of proposing their old context, prompting scholars to judge and speak about attainable possible choices. The dialogue kindled by means of AMERICAN PUBLIC coverage: AN creation is helping make public coverage own as scholars observe their wisdom to real-life rules. This re-creation comprises up to date and increased insurance on key coverage concerns: immigration, international weather switch, healthiness care reform, homosexual rights, and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The authors current coverage fabric step by step, construction an image of the present coverage that scholars can use to guage possible choices.
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All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 16 CHAPTER 1 independent contractors to conduct evaluations. The result of all of them is the evaluation report.
The impact of a policy may be unforeseen as in the case of busing for racially balanced schools (discussed in detail in Chapter 10). Whites were usually able to avoid having their children being bused by simply moving to the suburbs, which often meant a different school district. This “white flight” left the cities and their schools more racially unbalanced than before busing. Policy impact is a major component of an important focus of this text, the evaluation of public policy. Policy evaluation focuses principally on the impact of policy, because it is largely from the performance and consequences of policy that we assess its success or failure.
Policies also have long-term effects and short-term impacts. Both need to be considered in evaluation. Similarly, some policies have symbolic importance. The decision to build a new football stadium for a professional team may have great symbolic importance to the residents of a city. The stadium project may have been justified in part on the basis of making a world-class city and thus would be an intended symbolic benefit. Unintended and long-term costs can be illustrated by the Iraq War. With one out of six soldiers who served in Iraq suffering some degree of post-traumatic stress disorder or major health problem, likely long-term increases in health care costs, drug abuse, family violence, suicide, mental illness, and crime must be considered long-term costs.