By Roger French

В этом исследовании автор показывает, что древнее естествознание было собранием и представлением историй и феноменов, достойных упоминания философами, популяризаторами или торговцами чудесами. В этой книге исследуются отношения между физическим миром, богами, греческой философией и целями тех, кто выражал весьма различные понятия о «природе». Основное внимание автора уделено «Истории животных» Аристотеля, «Естественной истории растений» Теофраста, «Географии» Страбона, а также, в некоторой степени, «Естественной истории» Плиния Старшего. Одна из основных тем книги - то, как к естествознанию относились различные общества: греки, римляне, евреи и христиане.Образцы сканов:

Show description

Read or Download Ancient Natural History PDF

Best nature & ecology books

Yellowstone: A Visitor's Companion

Has every little thing viewers need to know approximately those parks, together with their histories, plant and animal lifestyles, and conservation matters. With box consultant, existence lists, and wonderful color photographs.

Pilzgeschichten: Wissenswertes aus der Mykologie

Wer beim Wort Pilze nur an leckere Champignons und Steinpilze oder giftige Knollenblatter- und Fliegenpilze denkt, wird von diesem Buch uberrascht sein. Denn Pilze sind ungeheuer vielgestaltig und besiedeln die verschiedensten Lebensraume: Manche sind mikroskopisch klein und wirken als Krankheitserreger bei Menschen, Tieren und Pflanzen.

Carbonate Systems during the Oligocene-Miocene Climatic Transition

The Oligocene and Miocene Epochs include an important stages within the Cenozoic international cooling that led from a greenhouse to an icehouse Earth. fresh significant advances within the figuring out and time-resolution of weather occasions happening at present, in addition to the proliferation of stories on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate structures, invite us to reconsider the importance of those carbonate platforms within the context of alterations in weather and Earth floor techniques.

Analysis of Seawater

This booklet covers all points of the research of seawater together with the main complicated actual suggestions. Sampling, the selection of anions, disolved gases, atomic absorption, tracking radioactive degrees, non-metallic compounds are all mentioned in flip

Additional resources for Ancient Natural History

Example text

It seems that Aristotle may have changed his mind about the naturalness of such motion, for the natural motion of the raised stone to the earth, in accordance with his physical principles, was straight. There are places where Aristotle says that circular motion, in this sense unnatural, must therefore be voluntary and proceed from the souls of the celestial bodies. At other places, and primarily in De Caelo, he rejects self-motion even for the heavenly bodies and says they are moved by an ANCIENT NATURAL HISTORY 21 incorporeal unmoved mover, which calls their nature, physis, into action to achieve a perfection similar to its own.

It is in the nature of stones that they fall, and in this sense the ‘nature’ of stones is an internal principle of motion. But Aristotle, perhaps in reaction to Plato41 believed that nothing was moved of itself. This necessitated an external cause that called the internal principle of motion into action. It did so by being in the state in which the internal principle, and its object in which it inhered, potentially were. Thus the unmoved earth caused the stone to fall by its internal principle of motion, so that the stone comes to be at rest.

Where the nature of the thing includes the capacity for growth, it alters in size, not, for example, in health. Nature is an internal principle of motion, even of the elements. When air is generated from water, says Aristotle,47 it naturally rises; having risen, it has stopped Becoming, and Is. It has moved from potentiality to actuality and has its final attributes, including place. Because these processes are purposeful, they are orderly and natural. Aristotle accordingly attacks the atomists48 on the grounds that the atoms are said to move randomly and that there can be no order in infinite space and with an infinite number of atoms.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.19 of 5 – based on 46 votes