By Charles A. Gieschen

This research seeks to illustrate that angel and angel-related traditions, specifically these growing to be from the so-called "Angel of the Lord" within the Hebrew Bible, had an important influence at the origins and early improvement of Christology to the purpose that an Angelomorphic Christology is discernable in different 1st-century texts. major attempt is dedicated to tracing the antecedents of this Christology within the angels and divine hypostases of the Hebrew Bible and moment Temple Jewish literature. the first content material of this quantity is the presentation of pre-150 CE textual facts of Angelomorphic Christology.

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Additional info for Angelomorphic Christology: Antecedents and Early Evidence (Arbeiten Zur Geschichte Des Antiken Judentums Und Des Urchristentums, Bd. 42.)

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Quasi-per­ sonification" or "semi-autonomous"). What is sometimes missed in Ringgren's approach is the acknowledgement and caution that personification of attributes does not automatically imply or lead to hypostatization. , rather than seeing a concept like Wisdom as an hypostasis wherever it appears). 4S It is noteworthy that Marcus is not very 46 47 Word and Wisdom, 8. Israelite Religion (trans. D. Green; London: SPCK, 1966) 309; see also 89- 94, 307-312. 504. 48 "On Biblical Hypostases of Wisdom", HUCA 23 (1950-51) 157-171.

But the personal character should not be stressed too much. In fact there are cases when a divine quality is spoken of as an independent entity without it being personified, and I should like to use the term 'hypostasis' in these cases as well. 46 In a separate analysis of Israelite beliefs, Ringgren submits this explanation: In many, perhaps most, cases, what we are dealing with here is merely a stylistic device, a substitute for the divine name and God's activity. Occasionally, however, the abstract concept becomes semi­ autonomous, appearing as an almost independent entity, half personified.

Piper (ed. W. Klassen and G. Snyder; New York: Harper, 1962) 124-142, esp. 131. 64 Two Powers in Heaven; see also his collection of essays, The Other Judaisms of Late Antiquity (BJS 127; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1987). 2 (1980) 1332-1394. 66 Paul the Convert: The Apostolate and Apostasy of Saul the Pharisee ( N e w Haven: Yale University Press, 1990); see also 'The Risen Christ and Angelic Mediator Figures in Light of Qumran", Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. J. H. Charlesworth; New York: Doubleday, 1992) 302-328.

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