By Ian Jarvis(eds.)

The Oligocene and Miocene Epochs include an important stages within the Cenozoic international cooling that led from a greenhouse to an icehouse Earth.

Recent significant advances within the realizing and time-resolution of weather occasions happening at present, in addition to the proliferation of experiences on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate structures, invite us to re-examine the importance of those carbonate platforms within the context of adjustments in weather and Earth floor techniques. Carbonate platforms, due to a large dependence at the ecological requisites of organisms generating the sediment, are delicate recorders of alterations in environmental stipulations on this planet surface.

The papers incorporated during this designated book deal with the dynamic evolution of carbonate platforms deposited throughout the Oligocene and Miocene within the context on climatic and Earth surfaces techniques concentrating on  climatic tendencies and controls over deposition; temporal alterations in carbonate manufacturers and palaeoecology; carbonate terminology; facies; tactics and environmental parameters (including water temperature and creation intensity profiles); carbonate manufacturers and their spatial and temporal variability; and tectonic controls over architecture.

This ebook is a part of the International organization of Sedimentologists (IAS) particular Publications.

The unique guides from the IAS are a suite of thematic volumes edited via experts on topics of principal curiosity to sedimentologists. Papers are reviewed and published to an analogous excessive criteria as these released within the magazine Sedimentology and a number of other of those volumes became general works of reference.

Chapter 1 A Synthesis of overdue Oligocene via Miocene Deep Sea Temperatures as Inferred from Foraminiferal Mg/Ca Ratios (pages 1–16): Katharina Billups and Kathleen Scheiderich
Chapter 2 Latitudinal developments in Cenozoic Reef styles and their courting to weather (pages 17–33): Christine Perrin and Wolfgang Kiessling
Chapter three Carbonate Grain institutions: their Use and Environmental value, a short evaluate (pages 35–47): Pascal Kindler and Moyra E.J. Wilson
Chapter four Temperate and Tropical Carbonatesedimentation Episodes within the Neogene Betic Basins (Southern Spain) associated with cLimatic Oscillations and alterations in Atlantic?Mediterranean Connections: Constraints from Isotopic facts (pages 49–69): Jose M. Martin, Juan C. Braga, Isabel M. Sanchez?Almazo and Julio Aguirre
Chapter five Facies versions and Geometries of the Ragusa Platform (SE Sicily, Italy) close to the Serravallian–Tortonian Boundary (pages 71–88): Cyril Ruchonnet and Pascal Kindler
Chapter 6 The Sensitivity of a Tropical Foramol?Rhodalgal Carbonate Ramp to Relative Sea?Level swap: Miocene of the relevant Apennines, Italy (pages 89–105): Marco Brandano, Hildegard Westphal and Guillem Mateu?Vicens
Chapter 7 Facies and series structure of a Tropical Foramol?Rhodalgal Carbonate Ramp: Miocene of the critical Apennines (Italy) (pages 107–127): Marco Brandano, Laura Corda and Francesca Castorina
Chapter eight Facies and Stratigraphic structure of a Miocene Warm?Temperate to Tropical Fault?Block Carbonate Platform, Sardinia (Central Mediterranean Sea) (pages 129–148): Merle?Friederike Benisek, Gabriela Marcano, Christian Betzler and Maria Mutti
Chapter nine Coralline Algae, Oysters and Echinoids – a Liaison in Rhodolith Formation from the Burdigalian of the Latium?Abruzzi Platform (Italy) (pages 149–163): Marco Brandano and Werner E. Piller
Chapter 10 Palaeoenvironmental importance of Oligocene–Miocene Coralline pink Algae – a evaluate (pages 165–182): Juan C. Braga, Davide Bassi and Werner E. Piller
Chapter eleven Molluscs as a huge a part of Subtropical Shallow?Water Carbonate construction – an instance from a center Miocene Oolite Shoal (Upper Serravallian, Austria) (pages 183–199): Mathias Harzhauser and Werner E. Piller
Chapter 12 Echinoderms and Oligo?Miocene Carbonate platforms: power purposes in Sedimentology and Environmental Reconstruction (pages 201–228): Andreas Kroh and James H. Nebelsick
Chapter thirteen Coral range and Temperature: a Palaeoclimatic standpoint for the Oligo?Miocene of the Mediterranean sector (pages 229–244): Francesca R. Bosellini and Christine Perrin
Chapter 14 overdue Oligocene to Miocene Reef Formation on Kita?Daito?Jima, Northern Philippine Sea (pages 245–256): Y. Iryu, S. Inagaki, Y. Suzuki and ok. Yamamoto
Chapter 15 Carbonate construction in Rift Basins: versions for Platform Inception, progress and Dismantling, and for Shelf to Basin Sediment shipping, Miocene Sardinia Rift Basin, Italy (pages 257–282): Mario Vigorito, Marco Murru and Lucia Simone

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Carbonate Systems during the Oligocene-Miocene Climatic Transition

The Oligocene and Miocene Epochs include crucial stages within the Cenozoic worldwide cooling that led from a greenhouse to an icehouse Earth. contemporary significant advances within the figuring out and time-resolution of weather occasions occurring at the present, in addition to the proliferation of stories on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate platforms, invite us to reassess the importance of those carbonate platforms within the context of alterations in weather and Earth floor strategies.

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12) began with the development of specific dominant reef-builders at high latitude from the late Eocene onwards, and then continued with the dominance of corals as main reef-builders near the Priabonian–Rupelian boundary. High-diversity reef-building communities became more abundant from the Rupelian onwards and from that time tended to preferentially develop in the median part of reef-belt, while the proportion of reefs dominated by scleractinian corals continued to increase at the global scale.

2001) may have triggered reef expansion. In any case, the link between climate and reef development is rather indirect, perhaps due to complex non-linear relationships acting at multiple spatial and temporal scales. The global distribution of continental masses, the geometry of coastal areas and the abundance of islands in the tropical belt exert a strong control on the oceanic circulation, both at global and regional scales, and are of fundamental importance for explaining the pattern of reef characteristics.

Nonetheless, they acknowledged that, in terms of temperature, there is a considerable overlap in the ranges of their associations that cannot be explained merely by post-mortem displacement of carbonate grains. Lees (1975) emphasized the role of salinity as a further controlling factor in the repartition of skeletal and non-skeletal grains. e. high temperature compensates for low salinity, and vice versa. According to Lees (1975), this effect accounts for the occurrence of the foramol assemblage in warm, but slightly hyposaline, tropical waters.

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