By Scott A. Bollens
Towns, Nationalism, and Democratization presents a theoretically trained, practice-oriented account of intercultural clash and co-existence in towns. Bollens makes use of a wide-ranging set of over a hundred interviews with neighborhood political and group leaders to enquire how well known city rules can set off 'pushes from lower than' that support geographical regions tackle social and political demanding situations. The publication brings the town and the city scale into modern debates approximately democratic differences in ethnically diversified international locations. It connects the town, on conceptual and pragmatic degrees, to 2 major problems with this present day – the life of competing and possibly damaging nationalistic allegiances and the restrictions of democracy in multinational societies. Bollens reveals that towns and urbanists will not be unavoidably hemmed in by way of ethnic clash and political gridlock, yet may be proactive brokers that stimulate the development of societal normalization. The fuller strength of towns is of their skill to catalyze multinational democratization. Alternately, if towns are left unprotected and unmanaged, ethnic antagonists can fragment the city’s collective pursuits in ways in which decelerate and confine the development of sustainable democracy. This e-book can be necessary to students, foreign corporations, and grassroots firms in figuring out why and the way the peace-constitutive urban emerges every now and then whereas it really is lost and ignored in others.
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Additional resources for Cities, Nationalism and Democratization (Questioning Cities)
The inclusion of Spanish city cases in this study came about because Spain’s reputed transitional success attracted my attention as a likely “positive” example that would contrast with, and inform, the cases of more difficult transitions investigated in my earlier work. e. its long struggle with political violence) within an otherwise successful national case builds comparative elements into the research design. 1 State repression of Catalan nationalism Since the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939, war and overt conflict have not reached Barcelona.
I focus on the political transition, begun in 1975, from Franco authoritarianism to Spanish democracy. After Franco’s death in 1975, a broad political consensus during the transition emerged that resulted in the approval of the 1978 Spanish Constitution (Moreno 1997). 2). 5 This granting of significant regional autonomy has helped defuse regional separatism, although nationalist violence remained a fact of life concerning the Basque issue. Regional governments in Spain have considerable responsibility for healthcare, education, urban planning, social services, and cultural activities.
With a vacuum of power at the state level, there is a concentration of power within the two ethnically demarcated autonomous entities, and this appears to be a major impediment to Bosnia’s transition to a multi-ethnic democracy. Bosnia needs to strengthen central institutions as well as to provide effective governance at sub-entity (cantonal and municipal) levels. Bosniak, Serb, and Croat leaders signed in November 2005 an agreement to seek a strong and more unified Bosnian state government, envisioning a process that would create a single-state president and perhaps a strong prime minister position and strengthened parliament.