By Ann W. Kummer
CLEFT PALATE & CRANIOFACIAL ANOMALIES: results ON SPEECH AND RESONANCE 3E is the single booklet of its variety to hide either oral and facial anomalies, in addition to cleft palate. Designed as a how-to consultant for the training clinician, this publication emphasizes what scholars want to know within the office to judge and deal with people with speech issues concerning structural anomalies. universal craniofacial anomalies, linked anomalies, and genetic syndromes also are integrated. there's easy info on anatomy, body structure, and embryology of the face and oral hollow space. The ebook covers how oral, dental, and ENT anomalies impact speech, resonance, and feeding. The assessment part comprises useful details on the best way to behavior a perceptual review of speech and resonance and an intraoral exam. an outline bankruptcy on instrumental approaches is supplied for college kids, and chapters on tips to practice and interpret those systems is supplied for clinicians. The remedy part contains surgeries and using prosthetic units. particular speech-therapy thoughts are defined for the therapy of speech mistakes linked to resonance issues and velopharyngeal disorder. the necessity for multidisciplinary staff evaluate and remedy is usually under pressure. This e-book is simple to learn to maximise studying. Many caliber illustrative movies and video case experiences are used to supply sensible wisdom on how you can assessment and deal with affected contributors.
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Additional resources for Cleft Palate & Craniofacial Anomalies: Effects on Speech and Resonance
In the infant or toddler, the Eustachian tube is essentially horizontal, and the pharyngeal opening is small. As the child grows, however, the tube changes to a downward-slanting angle from ear to pharynx, and the opening becomes larger. As a result, the Eustachian tube of an adult is at a 45º angle, and the opening is about the size of the diameter of a pencil. This gradual change in both the angle and width of the tube results in improved ventilation and drainage of the middle ear. The torus tubarius is a ridge that is located posterior to the Eustachian tube opening and is caused by a projection of the cartilaginous portion of the tube.
May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. Anatomy and Physiology: Facial, Oral, and Velopharyngeal Structures 23 Lateral view of VP closure Patterns of VP closure as viewed through nasopharyngoscopy Coronal Copyright # Cengage Learning® : All Rights Reserved: Sagittal Circular FIGURE 1–18 Patterns of velopharyngeal closure as viewed from above.
Pharynx Palatine aponeurosis FIGURE 1–10 Position of the palatine (velar) aponeurosis. This is a sheet of fibrous tissue that is located just below the nasal surface of the velum and consists of periosteum, fibrous connective tissue, and fibers from the tensor veli palatini tendon. It provides an anchoring point for the velopharyngeal muscles and adds stiffness and velopharyngeal flexibility. The pharynx is divided into several sections, as can be seen in Figure 1–11. These sections include the nasopharynx, which is above the oral cavity and velum and is just posterior to the nasal cavity; the oropharynx, which is at the level of the oral cavity or just posterior to the mouth; and the hypopharynx, which is below the oral cavity and extends from the epiglottis inferiorly to the esophagus.