By Roman Szporluk

During this hugely unique research, Szporluk examines the connection among the 2 dominant ideologies of the nineteenth century--communism and nationalism--and their enduring legacy within the twentieth century. Szporluk argues that either Karl Marx's idea of communism and Friedrich List's thought of nationalism arose according to the sweeping adjustments caused through the economic Revolution, and that either sought to advertise industrialization as a way of reforming the fashionable international. every one ideology, the writer contends, constructed on the subject of the opposite and will most sensible be understood because the fabricated from a fancy interweaving of the 2, generating within the twentieth century new sorts of nationalism that experience included Marxism into the material in their flow and Marxist states that experience followed threads of nationalistic belief.

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Additional resources for Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx Versus Friedrich List

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On List's premises, it was imperative to compare Germany's level of development with that attained by England and to view Germany as (to use a contemporary term) a "developing country" that was suffering economically and politically as a party engaged in "unequal exchange" with a highly developed England. Thus List viewed the German problem in an international context that included countries in various stages of development—that is, Germany, on the one hand, and England, so far the only fully modern country, on the other.

31 In a second speech that month, Marx voiced no illusions about what free trade would do to the condition of workers: "The lowest level of wages is the natural price of the commodity of labour . . " You have to choose: Either you must disavow the whole of political economy as it exists at present, or you must allow that under the freedom of trade the whole severity of the laws of political economy will be applied to the working classes. Is that to say that we are against Free Trade? " There were certain new formulations on January 9, 1848, when Marx spoke again on free trade.

If he did understand, he had changed his position from that expressed in the "List Critique" in which the possibility of international exploitation was explicitly denied—that is, England did not exploit Germany, but rather the bourgeoisie exploited the workers. Also in this speech Marx conceded that protectionism might help develop free competition within a country but insisted that nevertheless it would make the protectionist country in fact dependent on the world market. " But Marx left this possibility for his successors to consider more fully.

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