By E. Rabald (Auth.)
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Flowmeters for acetic acid fluids. , 33%. 4 g/m per day. 1% Fe). Pumps, fittings, screws, pipelines, condensers. 2% formic acid. Autoclaves for the manufacture of furfural. 2 2 Copper-silicon alloys -j- to ( + ) Room temp. 3 mm/year for alloy with 3% Si. 5% formic acid). + Bubble caps for columns and scrubbers in the distillation of wood vinegar. + Condenser pipes in the distillation of acetic acid (92%). Iron (pure), cast iron and steel (+) to— Corrosion rates: Material Temp. Acetic acid g/m per day Steel Room temp.
Pipes lined with hard natural rubber. , glacial acetic acid. + 90 °C, 90% acetic acid. e. for vinegar. , all concentrations: glass, asbestos, felts of Teflon. + 20 °C, 5%: cotton, wool. — 50 °C, glacial acetic acid: silk, wool, cotton. Wood + 20 °C, acids below 80%. Storage tanks, pipes of pitch-pine. , glacial acetic acid. + 50 °C, 80% acetic acid; wood impregnated with phenol-formaldehyde resins for containers and pipes (Russian experience). + 40 °C. Containers for fermentation. 5%) + 40 °C. Storage tanks, pipes, acetylation apparatus (in mixtures with acetic acid, benzene and traces of perchloric acid, sulphuric acid).
To (—) + Moist impure acetylene. g. Eloxal process) and sealing the artificial oxide film. Dissous-gas (acetylene dissolved in acetone). Containers. Aluminium alloys (without copper) + Dry and moist pure gas. (—) Moist impure acetylene: aluminium-silicon cast alloys. H- Dissous-gas (acetylene dissolved in acetone). Pressure bottles. Copper — Risk of explosion through cuprous acetylide. — 480 °C, also dry gas; flammable. — Copper alloys with more than 70% Cu. Iron (pure), cast iron and steel -f But at high temp, there is a deposit of carbon.