By Robert B. Cairns, Glen H. Elder, Elizabeth Jane Costello
Developmental technology presents an account of the fundamental ideas of the recent developmental synthesis, as formulated by way of the Carolina Consortium on Human improvement. in keeping with a collaborative assertion, person chapters define implications of the orientation for procedure and thought in conventional disciplines. The chapters handle particular developmental matters, various throughout time frames, methodologies, disciplines, cultures or even species. they supply an inside of examine the problems that confront glossy social and behavioral examine, together with its strengths and difficulties.
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In a longitudinal investigation of 1,300 Swedish children, Stattin and Magnusson (1990) reported that the girls who reached menarche very early (< 11 years of age) tended to show multiple signs of behavioral deviancy. Deviance among these very-early-maturing girls included, at 14 years of age, higher alcohol consumption, more cheating in school, greater amounts of sexual activity, and adoption of antisocial norms relative to the attitudes of late-maturing girls at the same age. Following a developmental model, these investigators (Magnusson, 1988; Stattin & Magnusson, 1990) reasoned that the effects may have been mediated by social interchanges that were provoked and supported by the early maturation.
These considerations point to the need for research designs that follow successive ontogenies of parents and offspring in order to compare similarities and differences at particular points in the life span. They are also necessary to analyze successive developmental trajectories. On this score, the expression of genetic similarities in behavior is not limited to the earliest stages of development, as has been commonly assumed in nature-nurture debates. To the contrary, von Baer's laws (1828) imply that the specific differences would be likely to emerge first not in development but at more advanced stages of ontogeny.
Each person's activities in her or his own life span are necessarily interwoven through experience and biology with the lives of both their parents and their children. These considerations point to the need for research designs that follow successive ontogenies of parents and offspring in order to compare similarities and differences at particular points in the life span. They are also necessary to analyze successive developmental trajectories. On this score, the expression of genetic similarities in behavior is not limited to the earliest stages of development, as has been commonly assumed in nature-nurture debates.