By Slawomir J. Grabowski, Slawomir J. Grabowski
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The CVC has stated that CAFE causes 2,000 deaths and 20,000 injuries every year by forcing people into smaller cars. The auto industry has questioned the science behind global warming and claimed there are not enough facts to allow a judgment. Energy and Changes in the Environment 47 Table 2-3b. 1 ———————————————————————————————— Toyota was the ﬁrst auto company to announce, in 1998, that it was joining others such as British Petroleum, Enron, United Technologies, and Lockheed Martin in an alliance to ﬁght global warming.
2003. Chapter 2 Energy and Changes in the Environment The spread of economic development has pushed the use of automobiles to all parts of the modern world. The bulk of industrialized nations including Japan, Britain, Germany, France and others have seen great increases in energy use. At the end of the 20th century, the U. S. used more energy per capita than any other nation, twice the rate of Sweden and almost three times that of Japan or Italy. In 1988, the United States, with only 5% of the earth’s population, consumed 25% of all the world’s oil and released about a fourth of the world’s atmospheric carbon.
Boeing will test a SOFC auxiliary power unit (APU) in one of its 737s. The APU is 45% efﬁcient in turning hydrogen into electricity. In contrast, a gas turbine is 15% efﬁcient. The APU will use a reformer to process jet fuel to obtain the hydrogen needed. Boeing hopes that by 2010, the technology will be mature enough to offer the APU on future versions of its 787 Dreamliner. The 787 Dreamliner will use 20% less fuel than the comparably sized 767. A completely new manufacturing process is used with sections of the fuselage produced around the world and then ﬂown to the assembly plant in Everett, Washington in a special 747 large cargo freighter.