By Leonidas Donskis

Identity and Freedom offers a discursive map of Lithuanian liberal nationalism through targeting the paintings of 3 eminent Lithuanian émigré students - Vytautas Kavolis, Aleksandras Shtromas and Tomas Venclova. featuring those critics of society - and likewise analysing the numerous effect of such writers as George Orwell and Czeslaw Milosz on Lithuanian political and cultural dissent - the booklet elaborates their 3 versions of liberal nationalism as social feedback. Incorporating fabric which has to this point simply been to be had in Lithuanian, Polish and Russian resources, this booklet might be priceless for a person attracted to important and East eu politics, tradition and society.

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L65–166. 2. See Louis Dumont, Essays on Individualism: Modern Ideology in Anthropological Perspective (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1986); Louis Dumont, From Mandeville to Marx: The Genesis and Triumph of Economic Ideology (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1983). 3. For more on this issue, see Isaiah Berlin, Russian Thinkers (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1979), pp. 1–24. 4. For more on this issue, see Dumont, Essays on Individualism, op. , pp. 116–118. 5. Talmon, Political Messianism: The Romantic Phase (New York: Frederic A.

201. 23. 352. 24. See Dumont, Essays on Individualism, op. 118. 32 LEONIDAS DONSKIS 25. 130–134. 26. Shtromas, “Ideological Politics and the Contemporary World,” op. 201– 202. 27. The thoughts of Donatas Sauka, a Lithuanian literary critic and scholar, are symptomatic of this hotbed of problems. 123, Sauka writes: “Who, then, defends society’s conservative opinions—who speaks in the name of the injured nation, who describes its historical insults, who mythologises its rural moral reputation? Who, really?

28. Motyl, “The Modernity of Nationalism: Nations, States and NationStates in the Contemporary World,” Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 45, No. 309. Chapter Two Vytautas Kavolis: Liberalism, Nationalism, and the Polylogue of Civilisations Fragmentary writing is, ultimately, democratic writing. Each fragment enjoys an equal distinction. Even the most banal finds its exceptional reader. Each, in turn, has its hour of glory. Of course, each fragment could become a book. But the point is that it will not do so, for the ellipse is superior to the straight line… Jean Baudrillard, Fragments: Cool Memories III, 1990–1995 Vytautas Kavolis appears as one of those twentieth-century intellectuals whose critical thought was in constant interplay with the subjects chosen by them for analysis, and whose disciplinary choices or methodological preferences were derived from, and suggested by, their existential and social experiences.

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