By Ruud ter Meulen

OF 'SOLIDARITY' IN united kingdom SOCIAL WELFARE right here then, possibly, is a British model of team spirit in social welfare, yet early there are powerful tensions among the powerfully liberal individualistic strands of the British figuring out of the services of the country and the socialistic or communitarian tendency of a dedication to common welfare provision. within the look for the roots of this figuring out of welfare we will survey, fitst, the old heritage to those tensions in a few early British political philosophers, beginning with Hobbes and finishing with Mill. We then think about the philosophical and social impacts at the Beveridge record itself, and we are going to hint the emergence of the philosophy of the welfare kingdom within the period following the second one international conflict. eventually we contemplate the modern debate, because it pertains to the 'Third method' taking into account New Labour. 2. A mSTORICAL comic strip within the prior part we saw that the philosophy underlying the Beveridge file should be defined as 'liberal collectivism'. What are the historic antecedents of this unusual amalgam of individualism and collectivism? in the brief scope of this bankruptcy, any account of the philosophical historical past has to be little greater than a comic strip, yet we will possibly comprehend so much debates in British socio-political notion as a continuous discussion with the well-known declare of Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan that each one political associations are based on egoistic motives.

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Solidarity in Health and Social Care in Europe

OF 'SOLIDARITY' IN united kingdom SOCIAL WELFARE right here then, maybe, is a British model of team spirit in social welfare, yet early there are powerful tensions among the powerfully liberal individualistic strands of the British figuring out of the services of the nation and the socialistic or communitarian tendency of a dedication to common welfare provision.

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They have come to the conclusion that most sociologists (whether classical or modem) seem to perceive solidarity primarily as a state of relations between individuals and groups enabling collective interests to be served. That solidarity can also be conceived as a value or moral sentiment is according to most sociologists only of secondary importance. The nature of solidaristic relations is that people experience a common fate. Either because they share identity as members of the same collectivity, and therefore feel a mutual sense of belonging and responsibility, or because they share utility, and therefore need each other to make the most out of their life chances and especially to avert risks.

How might the concept of solidarity be restructured in order to do more justice to the value of individual autonomy? Another relevant development is the advent of postmodernism in social philosophy. With its distrust of essentialism and of grand narratives, postmodernism raises the question of how normative concepts can be saved from the threats of misguided foundationalism and activism. Can solidarity be saved from the tendency, discernible in much philosophical thought, to draw back from explicit normative theorising?

The history of economic, political and social life in modem societies is normally presented as consisting of two main periods. While the first era involved the expansion of markets into pre-existing communities in the nineteenth century, the twentieth century saw the interventionist state imposing itself upon the new market economy (Streeck and Schmitter, 1985, p. 120). The important and distinctive 18 W. ARTS AND R. VERBURG features of this transformation of traditional into modem society are often sketched by referring to a whole range of sub-processes such as industrialisation, urbanisation, democratisation, secularisation, bureaucratisation, professionalisation etc.

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