By Jonathan R. Dull
The Seven Years’ conflict used to be the world’s first worldwide clash, spanning 5 continents and the severe sea lanes that hooked up them. This publication is the fullest account ever written of the French navy’s function within the hostilities. it's also the main whole survey of either stages of the conflict: the French and Indian battle in North the USA (1754–60) and the Seven Years’ conflict in Europe (1756–63), that are regularly taken care of independently. via contemplating either levels of the conflict from each attitude, award-winning historian Jonathan R. boring exhibits not just that the 2 conflicts are so interconnected that neither will be absolutely understood in isolation but additionally that conventional interpretations of the battle are mostly misguided. His paintings additionally finds how the French military, supposedly completely beaten, can have figured so prominently within the warfare of yankee Independence purely fifteen years later. A accomplished paintings integrating diplomatic, naval, army, and political background, The French army and the Seven Years’ warfare completely explores the French viewpoint at the Seven Years’ battle. It additionally stories British international relations and conflict technique in addition to the jobs performed by way of the yankee colonies, Spain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, and Portugal. As this heritage unfolds, it turns into transparent that French coverage used to be extra constant, logical, and winning than has formerly been said, and that King Louis XV’s behavior of the conflict profoundly affected the result of America’s next progressive battle. (20060301)
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Extra info for The French Navy and the Seven Years' War
Finally, Rouillé’s parallel program of replenishing the naval supplies needed by the great ports of Brest, Rochefort, and Toulon, which had made considerable progress, was virtually suspended at the end of 1752 by ﬁnancial constraints. 61 During the next two years work in the dockyards slowed and the navy’s contract to obtain critical naval stores from the Baltic was not renewed. At the beginning of 1755 the ﬂeet faced severe shortages of cannon and naval supplies and was at least two years away from being ready for full mobilization.
Mirepoix, who had occupied his diplomatic post for the last six years, was dedicated and sincere; Newcastle said he had never dealt with a diplomat of his rectitude and courtesy. 25 Before returning to London he was given new instructions to demand an explanation of the British military preparations, to convey France’s desire that the governors of the British colonies in America refrain from violence and return matters to their prior condition, and to suggest that the disputes be referred to the border commission.
In retrospect this expedition was a disaster, causing a cascade of events leading to a war that France did not want and for which it was not prepared. Like the decision a dozen years earlier to attack Maria Theresa, it resulted from a combination of ignorance, fear, and impatience. In the earlier case, Louis XV acted himself, but in the present case the king, perhaps distracted by his secret diplomacy in eastern Europe, left the matter to his ministers. Rouillé acted in ignorance of the repercussions the fort building would have both on the Indians and on the British and in exaggerated fear of the urgency of the British threat.